7. Holding


To determine the candidate’s ability to establish the helicopter in a holding pattern in accordance with a clearance given by ATC or a simulated clearance given by the examiner.


Based on a clearance given by ATC or a simulated clearance given by the examiner, the candidate will select a suitable entry procedure, enter and establish the helicopter in the holding pattern. The candidate will demonstrate adequate knowledge of holding endurance including, but not limited to, fuel on board, fuel available for holding and fuel required to the alternate destination.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate’s ability to:

  1. recognize arrival at the holding fix and to initiate entry into the holding pattern;
  2. use a suitable entry procedure that assures manoeuvring within the protected airspace;
  3. report crossing the fix entering the hold and, if required by ATC, report established in the hold;
  4. use the proper timing criteria, where applicable; or
  5. comply with leg lengths when a DME distance is specified;
  6. anticipate and further assess the effect of wind and apply effective drift and timing correction techniques;
  7. maintain the designated track or course (±10 degrees) or within ½ scale deflection of the course deviation indicator, as applicable (Terminal Mode sensitivity if with GPS);
  8. maintain the declared airspeed (±10 knots);
  9. maintain assigned altitudes (±100 feet); and
  10. maintain proper helicopter control and flight within operating configurations and limitations.
  11. provide the examiner with a reasonably accurate estimate of the maximum holding time available based on the IFR flight plan and the fuel on board.
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