10. Transition to Landing


To determine the candidate’s ability to safely carry out a visual descent from the MDA or DH/DA and execute a landing.


The candidate will brief the examiner regarding the procedure to be used for the transition from the approach to the landing, particularly if the approach includes a tailwind component.  In the case of a tailwind landing the briefing should include the proposed manner of compensating for the wind; or if a turn is planned for a landing into wind the proposed manner to achieve the landing.  The briefing should be done prior to or during the approach. The candidate will then carry out a visual decent and landing from MDA or DH/DA as briefed and execute the appropriate transition to a normal landing.

Performance Criteria

Assessment will be based on the candidate’s ability to:

  1. execute a landing from the MDA or DH/DA as briefed, when the required visual references for the intended runway or landing pad are obtained;
  2. take into consideration weather factors such as turbulence, wind shear, wind, visibility and whiteout or brownout conditions;
  3. take action respecting NOTAMs, wake turbulence, runway surface or landing pad surface and other operational considerations;
  4. confirm the direction of traffic and adhere to all restrictions and instructions issued by ATC or the examiner; and
  5. where the clear intent is to complete a manoeuvring procedure for landing into wind after a down wind approach:
      1. consider the manoeuvring capabilities of the helicopter;
      2. maintain visual reference in all times;
      3. demonstrate an awareness of the Height Velocity Diagram;
      4. avoid situations that may result in vortex ring state;
      5. avoid situations that may result in settling-with-power and/or over-pitching; and
      6. arrive at a predetermined point at a normal hover height appropriate to the helicopter type.
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